Matthew Kroenig

Matthew Kroenig
Associate Professor
656 ICC

Associate Professor 

International Field Chair in the Government Department

Matthew Kroenig is an Associate Professor of Government and Foreign Service and International Relations Field Chair in the Department of Government at Georgetown University and a Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security at The Atlantic Council. He is an expert on U.S. national security policy and strategy, international relations theory, nuclear deterrence, arms control, nuclear nonproliferation, Iran, and counterterrorism.

He is the author or editor of several books, including A Time to Attack: The Looming Iranian Nuclear Threat (2014) and Exporting the Bomb: Technology Transfer and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons (2010), which won the International Studies Association Best Book Award, Honorable Mention. His articles on international politics have appeared in such publications as American Political Science Review, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Organization, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and USA Today. He has provided commentary on BBC, CNN, C-SPAN, NPR, and many other media outlets. 

From May 2010 to May 2011, he served as a Special Advisor in the Office of the Secretary of Defense on a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship, where he worked on defense policy and strategy for Iran. In 2005, he worked as a strategist in the Office of the Secretary of Defense where he authored the first-ever, U.S. government strategy for deterring terrorist networks. For his work, he was awarded the Office of the Secretary of Defense’s Award for Outstanding Achievement. Dr. Kroenig regularly consults with the defense, energy, and intelligence communities.

He has held fellowships from the Council on Foreign Relations, Harvard University, the National Science Foundation, Stanford University, and the University of California. He is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Areas of Expertise: U.S. national security policy and strategy, international relations theory, nuclear deterrence, arms control, nuclear nonproliferation, Iran, and counterterrorism


  • Ph.D. (2007) University of California, Political Science
  • M.A. (2003) University of California, Political Science
  • A.B. (2000 ) University of Missouri, History



A Time to Attack: The Looming Iranian Nuclear Threat. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

The Causes and Consequences of Nuclear Proliferation. Editor (with Robert Rauchhaus and Erik Gartzke) London: Routledge, 2011.

Exporting the Bomb: Technology Transfer and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons. Cornell Studies in Security Affairs. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 2010. Best Book Award, Honorable Mention. International Studies Association.

The Handbook of National Legislatures: A Global Survey (with M. Steven Fish). New York: Cambridge University Press. 2009.

Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals:

“The History of Proliferation Optimism: Does it have a Future?” Journal of Strategic Studies, forthcoming.

“Nuclear Posture, Nonproliferation Policy, and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons,” (with Erik Gartzke) Journal of Conflict Resolution, 58, 3, April 2014.

“Force or Friendship? Explaining Great Power Nonproliferation Policy,” Security Studies, 23, 1, 2014: 1-32.

“Nuclear Superiority and the Balance of Resolve: Explaining Nuclear Crisis Outcomes,” International Organization 67:1, January 2013: 141-171.

“Review of The Handbook of National Legislatures: A Response to Desposato,” (with M. Steven Fish) Legislative Studies Quarterly 37:3, August 2012: 397-401.

“Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy: A New Approach,” (with Michael Coppedge, John Gerring, David Altman, Michael Bernhard, M. Steven Fish, Allen Hicken, Staffan Lindberg, Kelly McMann, Pamela Paxton, Holli Semetko, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jeffrety Staton, and Jan Teorell), Perspectives on Politics 9: 2, June 2011: 247-267.

“Taking Soft Power Seriously,” (with Melissa McAdam and Steven Weber), Comparative Strategy, 29:5, November 2010: 412-431.

“Correspondence: Civilian Nuclear Cooperation and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons,” (with Christopher Bluth, Rensselear Lee, William C. Sailor, and Matthew Fuhrmann), International Security, 35:1, Summer 2010: 184-200.

“Exporting the Bomb: Why States Provide Sensitive Nuclear Assistance,” American Political Science Review, 103:1, February 2009: 113-133. Reprinted in Zhu Liqun, Gary Bertsch, and Lu Jing, eds. International Non-proliferation System: China and the U.S. Beijing: World Affairs Press, 2011. (Mandarin).

“A Strategic Approach to Nuclear Proliferation,” (with Erik Gartzke), Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53: 2, April 2009:151-160.

“Importing the Bomb: Sensitive Nuclear Assistance and Nuclear Proliferation,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, 53: 2, April 2009: 161-180. Reprinted in Robert Rauchhaus, Matthew Kroenig, and Erik Gartzke, eds. The Causes and Consequences of Nuclear Proliferation. London: Routledge, 2011.

“Diversity, Conflict, and Democracy: Some Evidence from Eurasia and East Europe,” (with M. Steven Fish) Democratization, 13:5, December 2006: 828-842.

“War Makes the State, but Not as It Pleases: Homeland Security and American Anti-Statism,” (with Jay Stowsky) Security Studies, 15:2, April-June 2006: 225-270.

Book Chapters:

“The Nuclear Renaissance, Sensitive Nuclear Assistance, and Nuclear Proliferation,” in Adam Stulberg and Matthew Fuhrmann, eds. The Nuclear Renaissance and International Security (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2013).

“Israel’s Military Option,” in Robert Blackwill ed. Iran: The Nuclear Challenge (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2012).

Invited Articles:

“Review of Outlier States: American Strategies to Change, Contain, or Engage Regimes by Robert Litwak,” Political Science Quarterly 129: 2, Summery 2014: 337-339.

“A Nuclear Deal with Iran: The Proliferation Challenge.” (with Barry Pavel) The National Interest online, July 1, 2014.

“Would Obama Bomb Iran?” The Spectator, May 2014.

“Still Time to Attack Iran,” Foreign Affairs online, January 8, 2014. url. Reprinted in Gideon Rose, ed., Iran and the Bomb2: A New Hope (New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2014).

“Matthew Kroenig Replies,” Foreign Policy, November/December 2013: 11.

“Now for the Hard Part,” Foreign Policy online, November 25, 2013.

“Think Again: American Nuclear Disarmament,” Foreign Policy, September/October 2013: 46-49.

“The Case for Overkill,” Foreign Policy online, June 19, 2013.

“Iran Diplomatic Window Rapidly Closing,” USA Today, June 17, 2013.

“Review of Achieving Nuclear Ambitions and Sanctions, Statecraft, and Nuclear Proliferation,” Perspectives on Politics 11:2, June 2013: 698-700.

“Iranian Nukes and Global Oil,” The American Interest 8, 4, March/April 2013: 41-47.

“Obama Needs to Tell Iran where He Draws the Line,” The Washington Post, May 19, 2012.

“How to Deter Terrorism,” (with Barry Pavel) The Washington Quarterly, 35:2, Spring 2012: 21-36.

“Our Options for Dealing with Iran,” The New York Times, January 24, 2012.

“Time to Attack Iran: Why a Strike Is the Least Bad Option,” Foreign Affairs January/February 2012: 76-86.

“Unilaterally Assured Destruction,” Foreign Policy Online, September 9, 2011 (with Barry Pavel).

“Nuclear Zero? Why Not Nuclear Infinity?” The Wall Street Journal, July 30, 2011.

“Bombs Away,” The New Republic online, February 9, 2010.

“Look at the Bright Side,” USA Today, May 28, 2009.

Review of The Nuclear Taboo: The United States and the Nonuse of Nuclear Weapons Since 1945, by Nina Tannenwald, Perspectives on Politics, 7:1, March 2009: 230-231.

“Kenya’s Real Problem (It’s Not Ethnic),” (With M. Steven Fish) The Washington Post, January 9, 2008.

“How Globalization Went Bad,” (with Steven Weber, Naazneen Barma, and Ely Ratner) Foreign Policy, January/February 2007: 48-54. Reprinted in Richard W. Mansbach and Edward Rhodes, eds., Global Politics in a Changing World, 4th edition (New York: Wadsworth Publishing, 2008). Reprinted in James E. Harf and Mark Owen Lombardi, eds., Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Global Issues (New York: Mcgraw Hill, 2009).

“Sticks and Straws,” Letter to the Editor, Foreign Affairs,84:2 (July/August 2005).