Professor Nooruddin and his colleagues conducted a study in rural Bihar, India, where they asked 3,800 people what they would rather have: cash or infrastructure (public health, roads fixed, etc.). What they found was that over 80% of respondents preferred public health over cash, and that 35% preferred cash over fixing roads; “these results come in the wake of rising interest in basic universal income in democracies around the world, including India and the United States.”
The Russia and Eurasia Program in the Fletcher School at Tufts University has awarded their first ever U.S.-Russia Relations Book Prize to SFS Professor, Dr. Angela Stent. The award recognizes an outstanding book on historical or contemporary foreign policy discourse pertaining to the past or present of U.S.-Russia relations.
The Washington Post discussed CERES Director Dr. Angela Stent’s new book, “Putin’s World: Against the West and with the Rest,” in an article published last week. The most important takeaway was that Professor Stent highlights the way Russia conducts diplomacy. It has diplomatic relations with Syria, Turkey, Israel, Shia Muslim-majority countries, as well as Sunni Muslim-majority countries, India, and China, among others: “Stent expertly walks readers through Moscow’s relations with every region in the world, avoiding the hysteria that warps discussion of the country.”
Professor Sarah Stewart is one of the researchers trying to detect life on Mars, and they are attempting to use nanopore sequencing technology to do so. This type of technology allows researchers to sequence RNA and DNA (and other polymers) with a single molecule. “Targets with harsher radiation environments, like Europa, would require improved radiation resistance via additional shielding or design refinements,” they wrote.
Professor Betsi Stephens’s book, South Korea’s Demographic Dividend: Echoes of the Past or Prologue to the Future, “describes the societal issues related to low fertility.” Professor Stephens writes that it is imperative that South Korean president Moon Jae-in to work on increasing birth rates, since the short term effects are economic (slowing down the economy), and the long term effects are societal (taking care of the elderly).
David Edelstein, Associate Professor of International Affairs in the Center for Security Studies, published an essay about the future of great power politics and the potential for conflict as part of a policy roundtable following a Perry World House colloquium. As the U.S. is in relative decline and Russia and China become more assertive, Edelstein says, “the implications are likely to be more competition and, indeed, the possibility of great power war.”
Professor Ken Opalo recently published an article that looks at how institutions constrain presidential power in Africa. Opalo uses original data on the exercise of presidential authority to examine how legislative independence conditions presidential rule making in Kenya.
Professor of Critical Theory and Director of the Certificate in Media and Politics, Mohamed Zayani, has won the International Communication (ICOMM) Book Award from the International Studies Association (ISA) for his critically acclaimed book Networked Publics and Digital Contention (Oxford University Press, 2015), making it the fifth major award it has received to date.
A new report from Beyond Parallel of the Center for Strategic and International Studies has identified an undeclared North Korean ballistic missile base, Sino-ri. Professor Victor Cha is one of the authors on the report. “While diplomacy is critical, and should be the primary way to resolve the North Korean nuclear problem, any future agreement must take account of all of the operational missile base facilities that are a threat to U.S. and South Korean security,” the report states.
SFS Professor Joel Simmons published an article in the journal “Economics & Politics.” Simmons examines an older argument which claims that culture, as opposed to oil wealth, is the reason behind female labor supply. Rather, he argues that “oil wealth reduces the demand for female labor by hurting the export‐oriented industries that employ female labor intensively.”
Professor Emily Mendenhall published research exploring “how international donor policies cultivate a form of biological sub-citizenship for those with diabetes in Kenya.”
Professor Victor Cha recently published research identifying “13, out of an estimated total of 20, undeclared North Korean missile operating bases” for “short-range ballistic missiles.” The report noted that “North Korea’s decommissioning of the Sohae satellite launch facility, while gaining much media attention, obscures the military threat to U.S. forces and South Korea from this and other undeclared ballistic missile bases.”
This Washington Post article summarizes the findings of research published by Professor Marko Klašnja, who used poverty rates and average years of schooling completed in areas surrounding religious missions to show that the benefits of education last longer than the lifetime of the generations who directly receive it.
In an article published in International Security, Oriana Skylar Mastro looks at whether China would be likely to intervene if war broke out on the Korean Peninsula, and if so, if it has the willingness and capabilities to deal safely with North Korea’s nuclear program.
Professor Michael Green received the silver medal in the Council on Foreign Relations’ seventeenth annual Arthur Ross Book Award for “By More Than Providence: Grand Strategy and American Power in the Asia Pacific Since 1783.”
In a recent paper, Erik Voeten argues that a large number of backlashes against international courts are initiated by governments that rely on the support of populist movements and are over court judgments that reinforce local populist mobilization narratives.
James Millward, professor of intersocietal history, in the Journal of Social History, discusses the historical development of the Sitar and its music in order to argue for the neglected importance to historical studies of music as a central aspect of human culture. He uses the instrument to analyze the “Silk Road” as a a phenomenon of cultural exchange and early globalization.
SFS Professors Shareen Joshi and George Shambaugh research industrial waste management through public and private sector partnerships with the Indian government. While it may seem as though major investors and donors are helping with waste management, Professors Joshi and Shambaugh’s research shows that these public/private sector partnerships actually have a “boom-bust cycle” that ultimately may end up doing more harm in the long run to the very communities they’re trying to help.
Professor Matthew Kroenig recently published an article in Strategic Studies Quarterly pushing back against criticisms of ICBMs. “Far from unnecessary, ICBMs possess a number of distinctive attributes that contribute to core objectives of US nuclear strategy,” Kroenig argued.
Professor Rajesh Veeraraghavan recently published new research on technology-enabled cash transfers. According to a case study analyzed by Veeraraghavan and his colleagues, “technological solutions in the domain of government-to-citizen cash transfers are far from perfect.”
Professor Shareen Joshi, Assistant Professor of Global Human Development, conducted a World Bank study which found that inequality within caste groups in India may actually be higher than inequality between caste groups.
Based on original field research, the book offers a vivid account of how information and communication technologies are reconfiguring social movements while also providing a theoretical framework for understanding activism in the information age.
Professors Mark Busch and Rodney Ludema from the Department of Economics contribute to a UKTPO briefing concerning the trade relationship between the United States and the United Kingdom, the terms of the agreement, and pubic support for the agreement.
Professor Elizabeth Ferris, on World Refugee Day, writes about the three traditional durable solutions for refugee displacement and how organizations are moving to self-reliance and a theory of “graduating” from humanitarian aid. She discusses the positive and negative consequences of this approach.
Professor Marko Klasnja published a new article on “corruption traps.” The study links “politician, voter, and entrant behavior” to demonstrate that changing expectations among one set of actors is unlikely to eliminate corruption traps.
Professor Christine Fair published new research on the relationship between support for Islamism and support for democracy. Using carefully assembled survey data from Pakistan, Fair’s team concludes that “formalizing an Islamic government as one that implements Shari`a by providing services and security for its citizens is positively associated with support for democratic values, whereas conceptualizing it as one that implements Shari`a by imposing hudud punishments and restricting women’s public roles is positively associated with support for militancy.”
SFS assistant professor Emily Mendenhall co-authored a paper on societal factors that influence the prevalence of type 2 diabetes. The research suggests that, “for millions, type 2 diabetes is a disease of crisis and displacement not poor lifestyle choices.
SFS professor Anna Maria Mayda has co-authored a working paper analyzing the relationship between immigration and voter preferences. “We find that an increase in low-skilled immigrants affects the vote of U.S. counties in different ways, but in general tends to push voters towards the Republican Party. Non-urban, low-skill counties with high local public spending strongly increased their Republican vote share in response to low-skilled immigration.”
Victor Cha, D.S. Song-KF Professorship in Government and International Affairs, co-authored a report on the state of public health inside North Korea. The report explains how NK’s neglect of public health has potentially destabilizing consequences for the peninsula.