George Shambaugh

George Shambaugh
Associate Professor
681 ICC

Associate Professor

Dr. George E. Shambaugh, IV  is Associate Professor of International Affairs and Government in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service and former Chairman of the Department of Government at Georgetown University.  Dr. Shambaugh received a B.A. in Government and Physics from Oberlin College; and a M.I.A. in International Affairs, and a M.Phil. and Ph.D. in Political Science from Columbia University.  

His research and teaching focus on topics of international politics, foreign policy, international political economy, and the environment.  He is the author of States, Firms, and Power: Successful Sanctions in US Foreign Policy, co-author of The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques, and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, co-editor of Anarchy and the Environment: The International Politics of Common Pool Resources, and co-editor of Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in American Foreign Policy.   His articles have appeared in a range of journals including the American Journal of Political Science, International Studies Quarterly, the Journal of Peace Research, Review of International Studies, ASAP, International Politics, Environmental Politics, International Interactions, and Security Dialogue. 

He has received grants and awards from the National Science Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the MacArthur Foundation, the International Studies Association, the American Political Science Association, and the Oberlin Alumni Foundation, and has been a MacArthur Foundation and Dwight D. Eisenhower/Clifford Roberts Fellow.

Areas of Expertise: International Politics, International Relations Theory, International Political Economy, the Environment, Terrorism/Counter-Terrorism, Piracy, Policy Making and Power

  • Ph.D. (1992) Columbia University, Political Science/International Relations
  • M. Phil. (1989) Columbia University, Political Science
  • Masters of International Affairs (1987) Columbia University, International Affairs
  • BA (1985) Oberlin College, Government & Physics



Oracles, Heroes or Villains?  Central Bankers and the Power to Shape Markets.  In process.

The Art of Policymaking: Tools, Techniques and Processes in the Modern Executive Branch, with Paul Weinstein.  New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 2003. An extensively revised and updated edition is forthcoming with CQ Press, expected 2015.  

Taking Sides:  Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in American Foreign Policy, 3rd, 4th and 5th editions, with Andrew Bennett.  McGraw Hill, 2006, 2008, 2010.  

States, Firms and Power: Successful Sanctions and U.S. Foreign Policy.  Albany:  State University of New York Press, 1999. 

Anarchy and the Environment: The International Relations of Common Pool Resources, edited with J. Samuel Barkin.  State University of New York Press, 1999. 


“Know your Enemy:  The Changing Sophistication and Success of Maritime Piracy,” with Alyssa Huberts and Aaron Zlotnick.  March 2014. Under review.

“Sword or Sheath:  The Benefits of Imperfect Containment,” with Richard Matthew.  Japanese Journal of International Security, Vol. 39, No. 4, March 2012, pp. 35-49.

“Public Perceptions of Traumatic Events and Policy Preferences during the George W. Bush Administration:  A Portrait of America in Turbulent Times,” with Richard Matthew and Bryan McDonald.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism.  Volume 33, Issue 1, 2010, pp. 55-91.

“Post-9/11 America:  Conventional Wisdom versus Popular Pragmatism,” with Richard Matthew and Bryan McDonald.  Democracy & Society, Volume 5, Issue 2, Spring 2008, pp. 1-23.

“The Limits of Terrorism:  A Network Perspective,” with Richard Matthew.  International Studies Review, Volume 7, 2005. pp. 716-627.

“The Pendulum Effect:  Explaining Shifts in the Democratic Response to Terrorism,” with Richard Matthew.  Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy. Volume 5, Number 1, 2005, p. 223-233. 

“The Power of Money: Private Capital and Policy Preferences in Newly Emerging Market Economies.”  American Journal of Political Science.  Volume 48, Number 2, 2004, pp. 281-295. 

AInternational Systems, Domestic Structures, and Risk,” with Patricia Weitsman.  Journal of Peace Research.  Volume 39, Number 3, 2002, pp. 289-312.

"Who Owes Whom, How Much, and When?  Modeling Reciprocity in International Relations," with Joseph Lepgold.  Review of International Studies.  Volume 28, Spring 2002, pp. 229-252.

“Globalization, Sovereign Authority and Sovereign Control over Economic Activity,” International Politics.  Volume 37, Number 4, Winter 2000, pp. 403-423.

“Rethinking the Notion of Reciprocal Exchange in International Negotiation: Sino-American Relations, 1969-1997,” with Joseph Lepgold.  International Negotiations.  Volume 3, Summer 1998, pp. 227-252.

“Sex, Drugs, and Heavy Metal:  Transnational Threats and National Vulnerabilities," with Richard Matthew. Security Dialogue.  Volume 29, Number 2, Summer 1998, pp. 163-175. 

“Dominance, Dependence and Political Power:  Tethering Technology in the 1980s and Today,” International Studies Quarterly.  Volume 40, Number 4, December 1996, pp. 559-588.  

“Common Pool Resources, Scarcity and Environmental Politics,” with Samuel Barkin.  Environmental Politics. Volume 5, Number 3, Autumn 1996, pp. 429-447.   Reprinted in Wolfgang Rudig, editor. Environmental Policy: Reader in Government University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom, 1999.


 “Perceptions of Threat, Trust in Government and Policy Support for the War in Iraq,” in The Political Psychology of Terrorism Fears, eds. Samuel Justin Sinclair and Daniel Antonius.  Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 20-49.

“Who’s Afraid of Economic Incentives?  The Efficacy/Political Externalities Trade-Off,” with Jason Davidson in Sanctions as Economic Statecraft: Theory and Practice, Steve Chan and A. Cooper Drury, editors.  New York:  Macmillan-St. Martin's Press, 2000, pp. 37-64.

“Threatening Friends and Enticing Enemies in an Uncertain World,” in Enforcing Cooperation: Risky States and the Intergovernmental Management of Conflict, Gerald Schneider and Patricia Weitsman, editors.  New York: Macmillan Press, 1997, pp. 234-261. 

“Hypotheses on the International Politics of Common Pool Sources,” and “Conclusions: Common Pool Resources and International Environmental Negotiation,” with Samuel Barkin, in Anarchy and the Environment: The International Relations of Common Pool Resources.  Samuel Barkin and George Shambaugh, co-editors.  Albany:  State University of New York Press, 1999, pp. 1-25, 176-197.

“Prospects for North-South Negotiations in a Changing International Political Economy,” with Eve Sandberg, in Europe and Africa: The New Phase, I. William Zartman, editor.  Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1992, pp. 159-178. 


“Economic Warfare,” “Embargo,” Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.  Chicago:  Britannica Press.  2011.  Available online:

"Economic Diplomacy,” “Re-Exports,” “Social Value Theory,” Routledge Encyclopedia of International Political Economy. London: Routledge, 2001.


Book Review of James H. Mittelman, The Globalization Syndrome: Transformation and Resistance (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000) in Political Science Quarterly, Fall 2000. 

Book Review of David J. Saari, Global Corporations and Sovereign Nations: Collision or Cooperation. (Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1999) in International Politics, Volume 37, Number 2, Spring 2000.

Book Review of David Cortright and George Lopez, eds.  Economic Sanctions: Panacea or Peacebuilding in a Post-ColdWar Era? (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995) in National Security Studies Quarterly, Volume 2, Number 3, Summer 1996.