Daniel Byman

Daniel Byman
301 ICC


Senior Associate Dean for Undergraduate Affairs

Daniel Byman is a Professor in the Security Studies Program at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and the Research Director of the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution. Dr. Byman has served as a Professional Staff Member with both the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States (“The 9-11 Commission”) and the Joint 9/11 Inquiry Staff of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees. He has also worked as the Research Director of the Center for Middle East Public Policy at the RAND Corporation and as an analyst of the Middle East for the U.S. intelligence community.  Dr. Byman has written widely on a range of topics related to terrorism, international security, and the Middle East.  His publications have appeared in The New York Times, The Atlantic, The Wall Street Journal, Foreign Affairs, International Security, and numerous other scholarly, policy, and popular journals.  His latest book is A High Price:  The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism (Oxford, 2011), and his forthcoming book is Al Qaeda: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford, 2015).  Dr. Byman received his BA in religion from Amherst College and his Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


Areas of Expertise: Terrorism, Middle East, Iraq, Israel, Hamas, Al Qaeda, National Security

  • Ph.D. (1997) Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Political Science
  • B.A. (1989) Amherst College, Religion



Al Qaeda: What Everyone Needs to Know (Oxford University Press, forthcoming)

A High Price:  The Triumphs and Failures of Israeli Counterterrorism (Oxford University Press, 2011)

The Five Front War:  The Better Way to Fight Global Jihad (Wiley and Sons,2008), 304 pages.

Things Fall Apart:  Containing the Spillover from an Iraqi Civil War (Brookings, 2007; co-authored with Kenneth Pollack), 238 pages.

Deadly Connections:  States that Sponsor Terrorism (Cambridge University Press, 2005), 269 pages.

The Dynamics of Coercion:  American Foreign Policy and the Limits of Military Might (Cambridge University Press, 2002; co-authored with Matthew Waxman), 281 pages.

Keeping the Peace:  Lasting Solutions to Ethnic Conflicts (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002), 280 pages.


Religion, Democracy and Politics in the Middle East (The Academy of Political Science, 2012).  Co-edited with Marylena Mantas.

The Arab Awakening:  America and the Transformation of the Middle East (Brookings Institution Press, 2011).  Co-edited with Kenneth Pollack.


“Combating State Sponsors of Terrorism,” in Essentials of Counterterrorism (Praeger, 2015, forthcoming). 

“Buddies or Burdens: Al Qaeda and Its Affiliates,” Security Studies (forthcoming)

“The Intelligence War on Terrorism,” Intelligence and National Security (December 2013) 

“Outside Support for Insurgent Movements,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 36, no. 12, (October 2013), pp. 981-1004

“Explaining Western Responses to the Arab Spring,” Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 36, no. 2 (May 2013), pp. 289-320

“Fighting Salafi-Jihadist Insurgencies:  How Much Does Religion Really Matter?” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (April 2013).

“Curious Victory:  Explaining Israel’s Suppression of the Second Intifada,” Terrorism and Political Violence (November 2012), pp. 825-852.

“Regime Change in the Middle East:  Problems and Prospects,” Political Science Quarterly (Spring 2012), pp. 25-46.

“Keeping on Offense,” In Benjamin Wittes, Campaign 2012:  Twelve Independent Ideas for Improving American Public Policy (Brookings Institution Press, 2012), 204-214.

“The Lebanese Hizballah and Israeli Counterterrorism,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 34, no. 12 (2011), pp. 917-941

“Regional Actors:  The Changing Balance of Power in the Middle East,” in The Arab Awakening:  America and the Transformation of the Middle East (Brookings Institution Press, 2011).  Co-authored with Kenneth Pollack, pp. 243-250.

“Terrorism:  Al-Qaeda and the Arab Spring,” in The Arab Awakening:  America and the Transformation of the Middle East (Brookings Institution Press, 2011), pp. 76-86.

“Israel:  A Frosty Response to the Arab Spring,” in The Arab Awakening:  America and the Transformation of the Middle East (Brookings Institution Press, 2011), pp. 250-258.

“States in Civil War:  Challenges for the United States,” in The Arab Awakening: America and the Transformation of the Middle East (Brookings Institution Press, 2011), pp. 213-220.

Talking to Groups that Use Terror (USIP, 2011), eds. Nigel Quinney and A. Heather Coyne (contributing author).

“Regional Consequences of Internal Turmoil in Iraq,” in Mehran Kamrava ed., International Politics of the Persian Gulf (Syracuse University Press, 2011), pp. 144-168

“A U.S. Military Withdrawal from the Greater Middle East:  Impact on Terrorism,” in Stephen Van Evera and Sidharth Shah (eds.), The Prudent Use of Power (Cambridge, MA:  The Tobin Project, 2010), pp. 157-174.

“Pyongyang’s Survival Strategy: Tools of Authoritarian Control in North Korea,” International Security (Summer 2010; co-author)

“Agents of Destruction? Applying Principal-Agent Analysis to State-Sponsored Terrorism, International Studies Perspectives (February 2010; co-author), pp. 1-18.

“Explaining the Iraq Quagmire:  Policy Failure or Bridge Too Far?” Security Studies (Winter 2008/2009)

Lead author for several chapters in the co-authored volume, Which Path to Persia (Brookings, 2009).

“Counterterrorism and U.S. Policy toward the Middle East,” in Richard Haass and Martin Indyk, Restoring the Balance:  A Middle East Strategy for the Next President (2008; co-authored), pp. 187-216.

“Iraq and the Future of Terrorism,” Annual Reviews of Political Science (July 2008; co-authored), pp. 55-68.

“Understanding Proto-Insurgencies,” Journal of Strategic Studies (Spring 2008), pp.165-200

“Iran, Terrorism, and Weapons of Mass Destruction,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (Spring 2008), pp.169-181

“Fighting Terrorism with Democracy?” in Hillel Frisch and Efraim Inbar, eds., Radical Islam and International Security (Routledge, 2008), pp. 188-203.

“Fighting State Sponsors of Terrorism,” in James Forest, ed., Countering Terrorism in the 21st Century (Praeger, 2007), pp. 25-41.

“Do Counterterrorism and Counterproliferation Go Together?” Political Science Quarterly (Spring 2007), pp. 25-48

“Israel and the Lebanese Hizballah,” in Robert Art, ed., Democracy and Counterterrorism:  Lessons from the Past (U.S. Institute of Peace, 2007), pp. 305-342.

“Allies and Counterinsurgency,” International Security (Fall 2006), pp.79-115

“Allies in the War on Terrorism,” Journal of Strategic Studies (Fall 2006), pp.767-811

“Talks with Terrorists:  When Do They Work?” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, (Winter 2005/2006), pp. 403-414

“A Corrective that Goes Too Far,” Terrorism and Political Violence (Fall 2005), pp. 511-516

“The Lebanese Hizballah,” in David Kamien, ed., Handbook on Homeland Security (McGraw Hill, 2005), pp. 195-206.

“The Implications of Leadership Change in the Arab World,” Political Science Quarterly (Spring 2005), pp. 59-84

“Strategic Surprise and the September 11 Attacks,” Annual Reviews of Political Science (2005), pp.145-170

“Humanitarian Intervention in Communal Civil Wars” Security Studies (Autumn 2003); co-author, pp. 33-78

“Al-Qa’ida as an Adversary:  Do We Understand the Enemy?” World Politics (Fall 2003), pp.139-164

“Constructing a Democratic Iraq:  Challenges and Opportunities,” International Security (Summer 2003), pp. 47-78

“Now Let Us Praise Great Men (and Women):  Individuals and Foreign Policy,” International Security (Spring 2001; co-author), pp.107-146

“After the Storm:  U.S. Policy Toward Iraq Since 1991,” Political Science Quarterly, Winter 2000), pp. 493-516

“Kosovo and the Great Air Power Debate,” International Security (Spring 2000; co-author), pp. 5-38

“Identities at War:  The Manipulation of Ethnic Identities to Resolve Communal Conflict,” Security Studies (Spring 2000), pp.149-190

“U.S. Policy toward an Emerging China,” Pacific Review (Summer 1999; co-author), pp. 421-451

“Explaining Ethnic Peace in Morocco,” Harvard Middle East and Islamic Review (Winter 1998), pp. 1-29

“Why They Fight:  Hypotheses on the Causes of Contemporary Deadly Violence,” Security Studies (Spring 1998; co-author), pp. 1-50

“The Logic of Ethnic Terrorism,” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (Spring 1998), pp. 149-169

“Rethinking Partition,” Security Studies (Fall 1997), pp. 1-29


“Reforming the NSA,” Foreign Affairs (May/June 2014; coauthor)

“The Middle East’s Sectarian Affliction,” Survival (February-March 2014), pp. 79-100.

“The Deepening Chaos in the Sinai,” The National Interest (Fall 2013), pp. 43-55; co-author

“Is Hamas Winning?” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 2013), pp. 63-76.

“Tools and Tradeoffs: Confronting U.S. Citizen Terrorist Suspects Abroad,” The Brookings Institution, June 17, 2013, pp. 1-54 (co-author)

“Why Drones Work: The Case for Washington’s Weapon of Choice,” Foreign Affairs (July/August 2013), pp. 32-43.

“A Modest Post-Assad Plan,” The National Interest (November/December 2012; co-author)

“The Rise of Settler Terrorism:  The West Bank’s Other Violent Extremists,”Foreign Affairs (September/October 2012; co-author).

“Breaking the Bonds Between Al-Qa’ida and Its Affiliate Organizations,” Saban Center at Brookings Analysis Paper (August 2012), pp. 1-56.

“The Mystery of Phantom States,” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 2012); co-author

“The Salafi Awakening,” The National Interest (July/August 2012), pp. 27-37; co-author

“Unlikely Alliance:  Iran’s Secretive Relationship with Al-Qaeda,” IHS Defense, Risk, and Security Consulting (July 2012), pp. 26-33.

“Saving Syria:  Options for Regime Change,” Saban Center Analysis Paper, The Brookings Institution (March 2012), pp. 1-15 (co-author)

“The Challenge of Gaza:  Policy Options and Broader Implications,” Saban Center Analysis Paper 6, The Brookings Institution (July 2011), pp. 1-46.

“Israel’s Frosty Response to the Arab Spring,” Washington Quarterly (Summer 2011)

“Terrorism after the Revolutions,” Foreign Affairs (May/June 2011)

“Al-Qaeda’s M&A Strategy,” Foreign Policy, December 7, 2010.

“How to Handle Hamas,” Foreign Affairs (September/October 2010)

“Latter-Day Sultans,” The National Interest (Summer 2010).

Which Path to Persia?  Options for a New American Strategy Toward Iran (Brookings, 2009; co-author) 

“Talks with Insurgents:  A Guide for the Perplexed,” Washington Quarterly (Spring 2009)

“Rogue Operators,” The National Interest (July/August, 2008), pp. 52-60

“The Changing Nature of State Sponsorship of Terrorism,” Saban Analysis Paper (Brookings, 2008), pp. 1-43.

“Iraq and the Global War on Terrorism,” Columbia International Affairs Online (Summer 2007)

“U.S. Counterterrorism Options:  A Taxonomy,” Survival (Summer 2007), p.121-150

“Keeping the Lid On in Iraq,” The National Interest (Summer 2007; co-authored), pp.58-64

“Who Wins in Iraq:  Al Qaeda,” Foreign Policy (January 2007), pp.38-51

Things Fall Apart:  Containing Spillover from the Iraq War (Brookings Institution monograph, January 2007; co-authored)

“The Lebanon War:  A Scorecard,” The National Interest (Fall 2006; co-authored), pp. 55-61

“Where You Stand Depends on Where You Get Hit:  Explaining U.S. and European Differences in Counterterrorism,” Washington Quarterly (Fall 2006; co-authored), pp. 33-50

“Do Targeted Killings Work?” Foreign Affairs (March/April 2006), pp. 95-111

“Israel’s Lessons for Fighting Terrorists and Their Implications for the United States,” Saban Analysis Paper, no 8. (Brookings:  March 2006), pp. 1-34.

Going to War with the Allies You Have:  Allies, Counterinsurgency, and the War on Terror (Carlisle, PA:  U.S. Army War College, 2005),

“Passive Sponsors of Terrorism,” Survival (Winter 2005), pp.117-144

“Confronting Syrian-Backed Terrorism,” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 2005), pp. 99-113

“How to Fight Terrorism,” The National Interest (Spring 2005), pp.124-131

“Five Bad Options for Iraq,” Survival (Spring 2005), pp. 7-32

“Symposium:  Afghanistan, Iraq, and the War on ‘Terror,’” Middle East Policy (Spring 2005), pp.1-24

“Confronting Passive Sponsors of Terrorism,” Saban Analysis Paper, no 4. (Brookings:  February 2005)

“Insecuring Iraq,” The National Interest (Summer 2004), pp. 8-15

“Should Hezbollah Be Next?” Foreign Affairs (November/December 2003), pp. 54-66

“Measuring the War on Terrorism:  A First Appraisal,” Current History (December 2003), pp. 411-416

“Scoring the War on Terrorism,” The National Interest (Summer 2003), pp.67-75

“Building the New Iraq:  The Role of Military Forces,” Survival (Summer 2003), pp. 57-71

“Democracy in Iraq?” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 2003; co-author), pp.119-136

“Iraq After Saddam,” The Washington Quarterly (Fall 2001), pp.151-162

“Uncertain Partners:  Military Cooperation with Relief Agencies,” Survival (Summer 2001), pp. 97-114

“An Independent Kosovo:  Understanding the Risks,” The Brown Journal of World Affairs (Winter/Spring 2000), pp. 37-47

“A Farewell to Arms Control,” Foreign Affairs (January/February 2000), pp.119-132

“Confronting the Next Rogue State:  U.S. Policy Toward Afghanistan,” Washington Quarterly (Winter 1999/2000; co-author), pp.65-78

“The Enigma of Gulf Stability,” MERIA Journal (August 1999; co-author)

“U.S. Policy in Afghanistan:  Challenges and Solutions,” White Paper Prepared for the Afghanistan Foundation (June 1999; co-author).  

“Proceed with Caution:  U.S. Support for the Iraqi Opposition,” The Washington Quarterly (Summer 1999), pp.23-37

“Defeating US Coercion,” Survival (Summer 1999; co-author), pp.107-120

“The Rollback Fantasy” Foreign Affairs (January/February 1999; co-author), pp. 24-41

“Coercing Saddam:  Lessons from the Past,” Survival (Fall 1998; co-author), pp. 127-152

“Let Iraq Collapse,” The National Interest (Fall 1996), pp. 48-60


“Armed and Dangerous? UAVs and U.S. Security” (spring 2014), pp. 1-31 contributing author)

“Understanding Proto-Insurgencies” (fall 2007)

“Coordinating the War on Terrorism” (2004, co-author)

The Future Security Environment in the Middle East (co-editor)

The Persian Gulf in the Coming Decade (2002, lead author)

Trends in Outside Support for Insurgent Movements (2001; co-author)

The Emergence of Peer Competitors (2001; contributing author)

Iran’s Post-Revolutionary Security Policy (2001; co-author)

“U.S. Policy Toward Iraq,” in Taking Charge:  A Bipartisan Report to the President-Elect, Frank Carlucci, Robert Hunter, and Zalmay Khalilzad, eds. (2000)

Strengthening the Partnership:  Military Cooperation with Relief Agencies (2000; lead author)

Anticipating Ethnic Conflict:  Tomorrow’s Challenges (2000 contributing author)

Confronting Iraq:  U.S. Policy Since Desert Storm (2000; lead author)

Explaining Chinese Arms Transfers (1999; co-author).

Air Power as a Coercive Instrument (1999; lead author).

The United States and a Rising China (1999; contributing author).

Political Violence in the Northern Persian Gulf (1999; co-author).

The Impact of an Arab-Israel Peace on Persian Gulf Security (1997; contributing author)


“An Eye for a Tooth: The Trouble with Israeli Deterrence,”  ForeignPolicy.com, July 23, 2014.

“Five Myths about the Islamic State,” Washington Post, July 6, 2014.

“Striking Distance,” Foreign Policy, June 19, 2014.

“In Iraq, Obama Has a Choice: Bad Guys or Bad Government,” Washington Post, June 15, 2014.

“The State of Terror,” Slate, June 13, 2014.

“Now that the Brotherhood is declared a terrorist group, it just might become one,” Washington Post, January 10, 2014 (co-author).

“The Dangers of Success,” ForeignPolicy.com, September 27, 2013

“Go Big or Go Home,” ForeignPolicy.com, July 22, 2013.

“Israel’s Three Gambles,” ForeignPolicy.com, May 6, 2013 (co-author).

“Mr. Obama, Don’t Draw that Line,” New York Times, May 4, 2013.

“Should the United States Do More In Syria,” USNews.com, April 30, 2013.

“Roundtable on Arming the Syrian Opposition,” ForeignPolicy.com, February 18, 2013.

“Al Qaeda Is Alive in Africa,” ForeignPolicy.com, January 17, 2013.

“How Obama Decides Your Fate If He Thinks You’re a Terrorist,” The Atlantic.Com, January 3, 2013 (co-author).

“Al Qaeda’s Not as Battered as Obama Thinks,” TheNewRepublic.com, November 29, 2012.

“Winning the Stalemate,” ForeignPolicy.com, November 19, 2012.

“Israel’s Gamble in Gaza,” ForeignAffairs.com, November 15, 2012.

“A Less Nimble America in the Arab World,” Huffington Post, November 7, 2012.

“Don’t Assume Iran is the Greatest Threat,” ForeignPolicy.com, October 17, 2012.

“A Preemptive Strike on the Foreign Policy Failures of the Next Administration,” Washington Post, October 12, 2012.

“When Military Muscle Blocks the Path to Peace,” Washington Post, October 7, 2012.

“Red Light, Green Light,” ForeignPolicy.com, September 11, 2012.

“Stopping Extremists Settlers,” New York Times Global, August 16, 2012 (co-author).

“The Syrian Spillover,” Foreign Policy.com, August 10, 2012 (co-author).

“No More Half Measures,” Foreign Policy.com, June 14, 2012.

“Preparing for Failure in Syria,” ForeignAffairs.com, March 20, 2012

“The Odd Couple,” ForeignPolicy.com, February 21, 2012.

“Can We Help the Syrian Opposition without Making Things Worse,” Washington Post, February 12, 2012.

“Finish Him,” ForeignPolicy.com, February 2, 2012.

“The Arab Winter,” The Washington Post, December 4, 2011.

“Plausible Culpability,” Foreign Policy.com, October 28, 2011.

“More than a Feeling:  The Awlaki Killing,” ForeignPolicy.com, September 30, 2011.

“The Future of Al Qaida,” Slate, August 31, 2011.

“Al Qaida’s History,” Slate, August 31, 2011.

“The Phantom Menace,” The New York Times, August 17, 2011.

“Have the Arab Uprisings Made Israel Less Secure?” Slate, August 11, 2011.

“Why Haven’t There Been More Norways,” ForeignPolicy.com, July 21, 2011.

“Beware the perils of a Libya after Gaddafi has Gone,” Financial Times, June 20, 2011

“Management Tips for Al-Qaeda’s Boss,” ForeignPolicy.com, June 17, 2011.

“The Targeted Killings Debate,” ForeignAffairs.com, June 8, 2011.

“Libyan Limbo,” ForeignPolicy.com, June 3, 2011 (co-authored)

“Misnomers and Misdirection,” Foreignpolicy.com, May 25, 2011.

“Al Qaeda’s Terrible Spring,” ForeignAffairs.com, May 24, 2011.

“Zawahiri’s Big Challenge,” Slate, May 12, 2011.

“It Could Have Been a Disaster,” Slate, May 4, 2011 (co-authored).

“What to Read on Al Qaeda and Usama Bin Laden,” Foreignaffairs.com, May 4, 2011.

“Think Again: Al Qaeda,” Foreignpolicy.com, May 3, 2011.

“Al Qaeda after Osama,” Slate, May 2, 2011.

“OBL Is Dead, Al-Qaeda Isn’t,” Foreignpolicy.com, May 2, 2011.

“The Libyan Opposition:  Approach with Caution,” Slate, March 31, 2011.

“The Long War Is against Terrorism,” New York Times.com, March 29, 2011.

“What the No-Fly Zone in Iraq Should Have Taught Us about Libya,” Washington Post, March 27, 2011.

“What’s Next for Yemen?” Slate, March 22, 2011.

“Things Could Get Even Worse in Libya,” Slate, February 23, 2011.

“Is Qaddafi Finished?” Slate, February 21, 2011.

“How Egypt Looks from Osama bin Laden’s Cave,” Slate, February 4, 2011.

“Okay, So We Don’t Like the Old System, but What Do We Do Now?” Foreign Policy (Review of Peter Bergen’s The Longest War), January 17, 2011

“Was It Tragedy in Tucson?  Or Terror?”  Washington Post, January 16, 2011.

“How to Handle Hamas,” International Herald Tribune, August 24, 2010.

“The Case for Calling Them Nitwits,” The Atlantic, July/August 2010 (co-authored)

“Coming to America,” Slate, May 5, 2010.

“Homeland Insecurity,” Wall Street Journal, December 15, 2009.

“Kill or Be Killed?” Wall Street Journal, July 17, 2009 (website only).

“Do Targeted Killings Work?” Foreign Policy, July 14, 2009.

“Is Iran Ripe for Revolution?” Slate, July 18, 2009.

“Taliban vs. Predator,” Foreign Affairs, March 18, 2009.

“The Surprising Absence of an October Surprise,” Slate, November 5, 2008.

“Al-Qa’ida at Twenty,” Slate, August 11, 2008

“Veterans and Colleges Have a Lot to Offer Each Other,” Chronicle of Higher Education, December 14, 2007, p. B5.

“The Next Phase of the Iraq War,” Slate, November 15, 2007

“Renditions and the Rule of Law,” The Boston Globe, October 15, 2007, p.A11

“Bashar the Gambler,” Slate, October 9, 2007

“Dangerous Scholarship,” Chronicle of Higher Education, September 13, 2007, p.57

“Homeland Insecurities,” Slate, September 11, 2007

“The Rise of Low-Tech Terrorism,” Washington Post, May 6, 2007, p.B3

“The Confession as Propaganda,” Slate, March 15, 2007

“What is Iran Up To in Iraq?”  Washington Post, February 18, 2007, p.B1

“Saudi Arabia’s Own Iraq Nightmare,” Salon.com, February 8, 2007

“Even the Wise Men Can’t Save Us in Iraq,” Washington Post, December 3, 2006, p.B3

“Carriers of Conflict,” The Atlantic, October 2006 (Co-author), p.38-40

“Iraq Runneth Over,” Washington Post, August 20, 2006 (Co-author), p.B1

“Proxy Power:  Understanding Iran’s Use of Terrorism,” Slate, July 26, 2006

“Strange Bedfellows:  What’s Behind the Iran-Syria Alliance?” Slate, July 19, 2006

“What Zarqawi’s Death Means for the Iraqi Insurgency,” Slate, June 8, 2006

“The Impact of Assassinations,” ForeignPolicy.com (Winter 2006)

“London Lessons,” The Big Issue (UK), July 18-24, 2005

“Democratic Dominoes,” The Atlantic, June 2005, p.42-44

“Reject the Abuses, Retain the Tactic,” Washington Post, April 17, 2005, p.B1

“Postscript to ‘Should Hizballah Be Next’” Foreign Affairs, April 13, 2005 (Web version only)

“Lebanon’s Hidden Dangers,” ForeignPolicy.com, March 10, 2005

“Why We Can’t Help Margaret Hassan,” Slate, October 29, 2004

“Safer than We Think,” Slate,  August 2, 2004

“Don’t Rush Rebuilding of Iraqi Military,” Forward, February 27, 2004, p.9

“Assessing Victory in the War on Terrorism,” United States Institute of Peace October 22, 2003

“The War on Terror Requires Subtler Weapons,” Financial Times, May 28, 2003, p.17

“Achieving Peace in Iraq Requires Staying the Course on Democracy,” Forward, April 11, 2003 (co-author), p.1

“After the Fall of Baghdad,” San Diego Union Press, April 10, 2003, p.B11-B13

“Building Democracy in a post-Saddam Iraq,” In the National Interest, November 20, 2002

“Get Ready for a Nasty War in Iraq,” International Herald Tribune, March 11, 2002, p.6

“Peacekeeping Forces Have a Long Afghan Haul Ahead of Them,” International Herald Tribune, November 29, 2001, p.6

“Bin Laden’s Group Will Survive Him,” Newsday, September 25, 2001 (co-author)

“Beef Up the Taliban’s Enemy,” Los Angeles Times, September 20, 2001 (co-author), p. B15

“The Logic of Sanctions,” The Hartford Courant, November 4, 2000

“Iraq Stands to Gain if Saddam Falls,” Gulf News, August 2, 2000

“All Talk May Be Best Policy Towards Iraq,” The Washington Post, January 2, 2000, p. B4

“Right Tactics, Wrong War,” Los Angeles Times (May 2, 1999; co-author), p.2

“U.S. and Europe Collide in Mideast,” Wall Street Journal (Oct. 21, 1997; co-author), p.22


“The Resurgence of al-Qaeda in Iraq.” Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and the Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, December 12, 2013.

“Terrorism in North Africa:  Before and After Benghazi.”  Testimony before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and the Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa, July 10, 2013.

“Iran’s Support for Terrorism in the Middle East.”  Testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, July 25, 2012.

“Denying Terrorist Safe Havens: Homeland Security Efforts to Counter Threats from Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia,” Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight, Investigations and Management of the House Committee on Homeland Security, June 3, 2011.

“Innovative Approaches to Defeating Al-Qa’ida.”  Testimony before the Subcommittee on National Security and Foreign Affairs of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.  February 14, 2008.

“Extraordinary Rendition, Extraterritorial Detention, and Treatment of Detainees:  Restoring Our Moral Credibility and Strengthening Our Diplomatic Standing.”  Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.  July 26, 2007.

“A Third Way:  Alternatives for Iraq’s Future.”  Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the House Armed Services Committee, July 18, 2007.

“Confronting a Nuclear Iran.”  Testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Committee, March 2007.

“The Future Security Environment of the Middle East.”  Testimony before the Defense Review Threat Panel of the House Committee on Armed Services, September 2005.

“Iran, Terrorism, and Weapons of Mass Destruction,” Subcommittee on the Prevention of Nuclear and Biological Attacks of the Homeland Security Committee, September 2005.

“Lessons from Past U.S. Counterterrorism Experiences.”  Testimony before the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks on the United States (“the 9/11 Commission”), February 2003.