C. Christine Fair

 

Associate Professor


C. Christine Fair is an Associate Professor in the Security Studies Program within Georgetown University’s Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service. She previously served as a senior political scientist with the RAND Corporation, a political officer with the United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan in Kabul, and a senior research associate at USIP’s Center for Conflict Analysis and Prevention.

Her research focuses on political and military affairs in South Asia.  Her most recent book is Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War (Oxford University Press). Additionally, she has as authored, co-authored and co-edited several books, including Policing Insurgencies: Cops as Counterinsurgents (OUP, 2014);Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces (OUP, 2008); The Madrassah Challenge: Militancy and Religious Education in Pakistan (USIP, 2008), Fortifying Pakistan: The Role of U.S. Internal Security Assistance (USIP, 2006); and The Cuisines of the Axis of Evil and Other Irritating States (Globe Pequot, 2008), among others.

She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Women in International Security, International Studies Association, American Political Science Association, American Institute of Pakistan Studies  and serves on the editorial board numerous journals. She is also a senior fellow with the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. She has a PhD from the University of Chicago, Department of South Asian Languages and Civilization and an MA from the Harris School of Public Policy, also at the University of Chicago.


Areas of Expertise: South Asia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Islamist militancy, insurgency, counter-insurgency, public opinion, public support for miiltancy.

  • PhD (2004) University of Chicago, South Asian Languages and Civilizations
  • MA (1997) University of Chicago, South Asian Languages and Civilizations
  • MA (1997) University of Chicago, Harris School of Public Policy
  • BS (1991) University of Chicago, Biological Chemistry

Publications

ACADEMIC BOOKS

Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War. C. Christine Fair (New York: OUP, 2014).

Pakistan’s Defense Policy. C. Christine Fair (New York: OUP, under contract).

Madrassahs and Militant Markets in Pakistan. C. Christine Fair (New York: Columbia University Press, under contract)

PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES IN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNALS

“The BFRS Political Violence in Pakistan Dataset,” Ethan Bueno de Mesquita, C. Christine Fair, Jenna Jordan, Rasul Bakhsh Rais, Jacob N. Shapiro. Forthcoming in Conflict Management and Peace Science.

“Using Manpower Policies to Transform the Force and Society: The Case of the Pakistan Army,” C. Christine Fair, Security Studies, Vol. 23, No.1 (February 2014): 74-112. 

“The Drone War:  Pakistani Public Opposition to American Drone Strikes in Pakistan,” C. Christine Fair, Karl Kaltenthaler and William Miller, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 129, No. 1 (Spring 2014): 1-33.

“Insights from a Database of Lashkar-e-Taiba and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen Militants,” C. Christine Fair, Journal of Strategic Studies. Vol. 37, No. 2 (April 2014): 259-290. 

“Democratic Values and Support for Militancy: Evidence from a National Survey of Pakistan,” C. Christine Fair, Neil Malhotra, Jacob N. Shapiro, Journal Conflict Resolution. Available online March 21, 2013 (forthcoming in print):1-28.

“Busting Out: Iranian Public Opinion toward the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty,” C. Christine Fair, Karl Kaltenthaler and William Miller, Nonproliferation Review, Vol. 20, No. 1 (March 2013): 123-126.

“The Structural Origins of Authoritarianism in Pakistan,” Sumit Ganguly and C. Christine Fair. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, Vol. 51, No. 1 (February 2013): 1–21.

“Poverty and Support for Militant Politics: Evidence from Pakistan,” Graeme Blair, C. Christine Fair, Neil Malhotra, Jacob N. Shapiro.  American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 57, No. 1 (January 2013): 30-49.

“Faith or Doctrine? Religion and Support for Political Violence in Pakistan,” C. Christine Fair, Neil Malhotra, Jacob N. Shapiro. Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 76, No. 4 (2012): 688-720.

“Has the Pakistan army Islamized? An Empirical Exploration,” C. Christine Fair, Armed Forces and Society, Vol. 38, No. 3 (July, 2012): 438-462.

“Prospects for Effective Internal Security Reforms in India,” C. Christine Fair, Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, Vol. 50, No. 2 (April 2012): 145-170.

“Why the Pakistan Army is Here to Stay: Prospects for Civilian Governance?” C. Christine Fair, International Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 3 (May 2011): 571-588.

“The Changing Pakistan Army Officer Corps,” C. Christine Fair and Shuja Nawaz, Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 34, No. 1 (February 2011): 63-94.

“Why Support Islamist Militancy? Evidence from Pakistan,” Jacob N. Shapiro, C. Christine Fair, International Security, Vol. 34, No. 3 (Winter/2009/2010): 79-118.

“Determinants of Popular Support for Iran’s Nuclear Program: Insights from a Nationally Representative Study,” C. Christine Fair and Stephen Shellman, Contemporary Security Policy, Vol. 29, No. 3 (December 2008): 538-558.

“Pakistan’s Relations with Central Asia: Is Past Prologue?” C. Christine Fair, Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 31, No. 2 (April 2008): 201-227.

“Diaspora Involvement in Insurgencies: Insights from the Khalistan and Tamil Eelam Movements,” C. Christine Fair, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring 2005): 125-156.

ARTICLES IN PEER-REVIEWED AREA STUDIES AND SECURITY STUDIES JOURNALS

“India’s Stalled Internal Security Reforms,” Sarah J. Watson and C. Christine Fair, India Review, Vol. 12, No. 4 (2013): 280-299.  (N.B. This is an expansion and update of “Prospects for Effective Internal Security Reforms in India” noted above.)

“US-Pakistan Relations after a Decade of the War on Terror,” C. Christine Fair, Contemporary South Asia, Vol. 20, No. 2 (June 2012): 243-253.

“Pakistan in 2011: Ten Years of the War on Terror,” C. Christine Fair, Asian Survey, Vol. 52, No. 1 (February 2012): 100-113. (This essay was not peer reviewed.)

“Pakistan in 2010: Flooding, Governmental Inefficiency, and Continued Insurgency,” C. Christine Fair, Asian Survey, Vol. 51, No. 1 (February 2011): 97-110. (This essay was not peer reviewed.)

“The Militant Challenge in Pakistan,” C. Christine Fair, Asia Policy, Vol. 11 (January 2011):105-37.

“Islam, Militancy, and Politics in Pakistan: Insights From a National Sample,” C. Christine Fair, Neil Malhotra, Jacob N. Shapiro, Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 22, No. 4 (2010): 495-521.

“Clear, Build, Hold, Transfer”: Can Obama’s Afghan Strategy Work,” C. Christine Fair, Asian Affairs: An American Review, Vol. 37, No. 3 (2010): 113-131.

“Students Islamic Movement of India and the Indian Mujahideen: An Assessment,” C. Christine Fair, Asia Policy, Vol. 9 (January 2010): 101-119. 

“Consenting to a Child’s Jihad in Pakistan: Insights from Survey Data in Pakistan,” Victor Asal, C. Christine Fair, Stephen Shellman, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 31, No. 11 (November 2008): 973-994.

“The Cohesion and Stability of Pakistan,” Shaun Gregory and C. Christine Fair, Contemporary South Asia, Vol. 17, No. 1 (March 2008): 3-9.

“The Educated Militants of Pakistan: Implications for Pakistan’s Domestic Security,” C. Christine Fair, Contemporary South Asia, Vol. 16, No. 1 (March 2008): 93-106.

“Who are Pakistan’s Militants and Their Families?” C. Christine Fair, Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 21, No. 1 (January 2008): 49-65.

“Militant Recruitment in Pakistan: A New Look at the Militancy-Madrasah Connection,” C. Christine Fair, Asia Policy, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Summer 2007): 107-134.

“American and Iranian Public Opinion: The Quest for Common Grounds,” Clifford Grammich and C. Christine Fair, Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. XXX, No. 3 (Spring 2007): 1-21.

“United States Law Enforcement Assistance to Pakistan,” C. Christine Fair and Peter Chalk, Small Wars and Insurgencies, Vol. 17, No. 3 (September 2006): 333-335.

“Research Note:  Who Supports Terrorism? Insights from Fourteen Muslim Countries,” C. Christine Fair and Bryan Shepherd, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 29, No. 2 (January/February 2006): 51-74.

“US–Indian Army-to-Army Relations: Prospects for Future Coalition Operations?” C. Christine Fair, Asian Security, Vol. 1, No. 2 (April 2005): 157-173.

“Learning to Think the Unthinkable: Lessons from India’s Nuclear Test,” C. Christine Fair, India Review, Vol. 4, No. 1 (January 2005): 23-58.

“Militant Recruitment in Pakistan:  Implications for Al-Qa’ida and Other Organizations,” C. Christine Fair, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, Vol. 27, No. 6 (November/December 2004): 489-504. 

“Military Operations on Urban Areas: The Indian Experience” C. Christine Fair, India Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (January 2003): 49-76.

ARTICLES IN NON-PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS

“Lives on the Line,” C. Christine Fair and Sumit Ganguly, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Summer 2013): 173-184.

“Pakistan on the Brink of a Democratic Transition?” C. Christine Fair, Current History, Vol. 112, No. 753 (April 2013): 130-136.

“The Enduring Madrassah Myth of Pakistan,” C. Christine Fair, Current History, Vol. 111. No. 744 (April 2012): 135-140.

“Lashkar-e-Tayiba and the Pakistani State,” C. Christine Fair, Survival, Vol. 53, No. 4 (August 2011): 1-23.

“Security Sector Governance in Pakistan?” C. Christine Fair, Current History, Vol. 11, No. 735 (April, 2011): 136-142. 

“Under the Shrinking US Security Umbrella: India’s End Game in Afghanistan?” C. Christine Fair, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 34, No. 2 (Spring 2011): 179-192.

“Pakistan’s Own War on Terror: What the Pakistani Public Thinks,” C. Christine Fair, Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 63, No. 1 (Fall/Winter 2009): 39-55.

“Pakistan’s War Within,” C. Christine Fair and Seth G. Jones, Survival, Vol. 51, No. 6 (December 2009-January 2010): 161-188.

“Time for Sober Relations: US-Pakistan Relations,” C. Christine Fair, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 2 (April 2009): 149-172.

“India and Iran: New Delhi’s Balancing Act,” C. Christine Fair, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Summer 2007): 145-159.

EDITED VOLUMES

Arc of Instability: Pakistan After the US Withdrawal from Afghanistan.  C. Christine Fair and Sarah Watson Eds. (Philadelphia: under contract with University of Pennsylvania Press, forthcoming winter 2014).

Policing Insurgencies: Cops as Counterinsurgents. C. Christine Fair and Sumit Ganguly Eds. (New York, New Delhi: OUP, 2014).

Pakistan in National and Regional Change: State and Society in Flux. C. Christine Fair and Shaun Gregory Eds. (London: Routledge, 2013). 

Political Islam and Governance in Bangladesh. Ali Riaz and C. Christine Fair Eds. (London: Routledge, 2010).

Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counter Insurgency Operations in Sacred Space. C. Christine Fair and Sumit Ganguly (New York: OUP, 2008).